Many people mistakenly believe that eating fruits is to increase blood glucose levels, so they remove this food from their diets. There are also some diabetics who say that when they have diabetes, their choices about kinds of food are limited, making patients exhausted and lack of substance. This is one of the misconceptions in choosing diets for diabetics.
So how to properly control blood glucose levels, without being deficient – especially vitamins and minerals is a permanent question for all diabetics. The answer lies in the addition of fruits in the daily diet.
Although the fruit is naturally sugary, it is a very necessary food to provide a variety of different nutrients such as vitamins, fiber, antioxidants, etc…which are beneficial for diabetics. The fruits have a large water content, accounting for 75-95%, helping to replenish water needed for the body. Vitamin C in fruits helps to boost the immune system, fighting diseases. However, it is important to note that dried fruits always have higher sugar content than fresh fruits.
Dr Pradeep Gadge, an Indian dietitian, answers all of your diabetes patients’ questions regarding proper fruit supplements.
People with diabetes only eat certain types of fruits?
This is a misconception that many people suffer. The fact is that a diabetic patient can eat all kinds of fruit, but in limited quantities. It is because the fruit provides water, sugar, fiber, vitamin C, B vitamins, minerals, calcium, magnesium, potassium… are very good for the body.
People with diabetes should follow the general guidelines when eating fruit?
Not really. Diabetes is a complex condition and each person with diabetes is treated differently depending on the stage of the disease, the severity of the disease and the condition of each person…Therefore, there cannot be a general guide for all diabetics in eating fruit. For example, two patients are father and his child having diabetes, the father had diabetes about 15-20 years while his child with this disease was two months ago. If the father ate a banana, the blood glucose level can rise to 80 mg/dL, but his son may not have such a high sugar level after eating a banana. It is because the son has just had diabetes, the pancreas is still good control of sugar, so the blood sugar is not soared. Consequently, eating fruit depends on which stage of diabetes and how healthy people with are diabetes.
Are there any fruits recommended for people with diabetes?
Yes. Low sugar (GI) fruits can be a good choice such as apples, oranges, strawberries, limes and plums. Some fruits such as grapes, mangoes, bananas, custard, durian, jackfruit, lychee, etc…can be eaten in limited quantities (1 or 2 slices) because of their high sugar content. Sour fruits such as grapefruit, oranges, lemons, guava, apples…can be eaten in larger quantities. In addition, nutrition experts recommend that more diabetics should avoid eating over-ripe fruits as the sugar content in fruits is highest.
Should people with diabetes drink fruit juice?
Fruit juices are not ideal drinks for diabetics, even canned juices are labeled as sugar-free. Fruit juice is one of the causes of sudden increase in blood sugar. Chewing or eating by mouth is a good way to absorb the sugar intake, if there is an increase in sugar content, it also occurs more slowly. In addition, eating fruits also increase the fiber content of the body, helping to fight constipation, reduce blood fat…
When should diabetics eat fruit?
If diabetic patients eat fruit as soon as lunch or dinner, they can increase blood sugar levels. There must be at least 2 hours after meals so that you can take fruit. It is because eating fruit will not cause the sudden increase of blood glucose for patients. The ideal time to eat fruit is in the morning, around 11am or in the evening at 5pm.
Notes on eating fruits in people with diabetes:
- Not eat a certain type of fruit, should eat variety.
- Limit the dried and canned fruit.
- Eat fruit away from main meals, but do not substitute main meal.
- Should eat while listening to yourself because each body often react differently depending on the level of disease and the condition of each person.
- Should eat fruit with whole fruit, do not eat by pressing water.
- Just eat fruit up to 3 times a day.