Flu is the most common illness in the world. Flu can be treated in a variety of ways. The following is the fastest way to treat the flu.
You can be infected the flu by touching the person with flu through contact, such as shaking hands. Adults can be infected for 1-2 days before the onset of symptoms and 7 days after onset. This means that you will transmit the influenza virus even before you know it is infected.
Quick facts about the flu
- Antibiotics cannot cure the flu
- Specialists believe that the best way to prevent the flu is to get vaccinated every year
- The influenza vaccine is not suitable for certain groups of people, especially people who are allergic to chicken eggs.
- Flu vaccination is the best way to protect the flu
- In the United States, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized for flu complications each year, and about 36,000 are estimated to die from influenza
- It is estimated that around 250,000 to 500,000 people worldwide die each year from flu
- In industrialized countries, the majority of deaths occur in people over 65 years of age
Symptoms of flu
Flu can make you uncomfortable, but it is rarely life-threatening.
People often confuse the flu and the cold, which is normal, because they share the same symptoms:
- Runny nose / stuffy nose;
- Sore throat;
To help you distinguish them, here are some symptoms of flu other than colds:
- High body temperature
- Cold sweat and trembling
- Arthralgia and limb pain
- Fatigue, …
In addition, some gastrointestinal symptoms are more common in children than in adults, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Usually, the symptoms last for about a week. Although these symptoms disappear, you may still feel tired over the next few weeks.
It is important to note that not everyone who has the flu has all the symptoms, for example, you may have the flu but only a fever without a headache.
Symptoms of the soon flu
Normally, fatigue is one of the earliest signs of flu and cold. With flu, you often feel more tired. Other initial symptoms may include cough, sore throat, fever, body aches, chills and changes in the digestive system.
How to cure the flu
Because of flu illness caused by the virus, antibiotics cannot help in this situation, unless the flu leads to another bacterial disease.
Antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) may be prescribed in some cases.
Analgesic can alleviate some of the symptoms like headaches and body pain. There are many different types of painkillers in the market, but it is important that you have professional guidance.
Some pain relievers, such as aspirin, should not be given to children under the age of 12.
Individuals with the flu should:
- At home
- Avoid contact with other people if possible
- Keep your body warm and rested
- Drink plenty of water and fluids such as fruit juices, vitamins, etc…
- Avoid alcohol
- Quit smoking
- Eat as much as possible.
When to see a doctor?
- When the life expectancy is high or the resistance is poor;
- Body temperature is still high after 4-5 days;
- Symptoms worsen;
- The patient feels extremely tired;
- Patients have difficulty breathing or chest pain.
The risk comes from the flu
In most cases, the flu is not a serious problem, although it is uncomfortable. However, in some cases, flu can cause serious complications, weakening the immune system of the patient.
The risk of severe flu complications is higher in people who:
- Adults over 65 years of age
- Infants or young children
- Pregnant women
- Persons with a history of cardiovascular disease
- People with chest problems, such as asthma or bronchitis
- Kidney disease
- Using Steroid
- People who are on cancer treatment
- People with chronic diseases, can reduce the function of the immune system.
Some complications caused by flu include:
- Bacterial pneumonia
- Chronic illness worsen, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, diabetes, etc…
- Sinus problems and ear infections (which usually occur in children).
What should people with the flu eat?
Green leafy vegetables: A rich source of vitamins and minerals, which help to replenish the nutrients needed to repel the disease;
Bananas: Rich in vitamin C, soothing throat aches, provide more energy;
Turmeric: anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-cold virus;
Garlic: Contain vitamin C, selenium, antibacterial and anti-flu.
Ginger: Have anti-viral activity, reduce cough, reduce obstructive airway obstruction;
Perilla: Help the body sweat, detoxification, especially when cooked with porridge;
Coconut water: Strengthen the immune system, fight infections, provide electrolytes.
Orange juice: Contain high levels of viamin C, reduce the duration of flu;
Honey -Lemon Juice: Like orange juice, lemon honey is rich in vitamin C and is also fortified with antimicrobial agents.
Green tea: Contain high levels of antioxidants, which easily kill flu viruses;
Sweet potatoes: Enhance resistance to vitamin D and energy;
Chicken soup: Help to reduce blood sugar in the lakes, reduce nasal condition with carnosine;
Beef: Add zinc, support the immune system, help fight infections;