Every 1 second passed on your watch, one person died in the world due to complications of diabetes. Not to mention this grim figure, you have also been worried about how long people with diabetes have lived since the first symptoms appeared.
We know that how long people with diabetes live due to their ability to prevent complications. According to estimates by the World Diabetes Association, 1 second passed, one person died of complications of diabetes on cardiovascular, 6 seconds passed, one person cut-off his legs because of diabetes and 20 seconds passed, a person is blind because of eye complications in diabetes.
But, many people still think, just control blood sugar is enough. Subjectivity in preventing complications leads to many unpredictable risks. In order to predict how long people with diabetes can live, you need to find out factors which can shorten the life expectancy you face during treatment.
Factors to shorten the life expectancy of people with diabetes
Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, factors such as the timing of early or late diagnosis, the degree of complications, and the incidence of other conditions, will all affect their life expectancy. In particular, complications are one of the most deadly causes of mortality, but a few people know how to prevent it.
When blood glucose levels rise, the nervous system and blood vessels in your body will be damaged and there is a risk of complications such as:
- Cardiovascular complications, retinopathy, kidney failure…
- Peripheral neuropathy, autonomic nervous system (numbness, cardiac dysrhythmia, hypotension …)
- Infections: Injuries, slow healing and patients may have amputations in severe cases of foot disease.
Up to 68% of people with diabetes die of cardiovascular complication. The risk of dying is increased if you have high blood pressure, blood fat, smoking or overweight, obesity.
How long do people with diabetes live?
Death has never been a subject that makes us feel comfortable talking about. But anyone diagnosed with diabetes is obsessed by the question, “How long do people with diabetes live?”
You can live 60, 70 years or even longer by controlling the factors which shorten the life span. However, type 1 and type 2 diabetes also differ in their ability to prolong life expectancy. That is not to mention for each patient, the number of years of survival depends on whether you have good control of opportunistic diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease… and the response of each patient to treatment is good or not?
Life expectancy of type 1 diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes have an average life expectancy of 63 to 65 years, less than 20 years for normal people.
However, advances in treatment and cognitive increase have significantly prolonged the lifespan of people with diabetes. A recent study found that men with type 1 diabetes had a reduced life span of about 11 years and women were reduced to 13 years.
Life expectancy of type 2 diabetes
Compared to type 1 diabetes, the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes have a longer life expectancy and are only about 5 to 10 years shorter than normal people.
The number of life expectancy will increase or decrease depending on how people with diabetes deal with this disease. People who take regular blood glucose tests and early diagnosis from pre-diabetes will have the opportunity to live longer. Even the longevity of the last-diabetic patient who has had complications is prolonged if treated well.
So, it is important that you understand the risk factors that reduce your life expectancy and actively prevent complications to increase your life expectancy when treating diabetes.
Tips for people with diabetes to live longer
- The schedule for meals is on time. Only eat the maximum amount of meat (within the allowable limits) for two meals, while the remaining meals should be added with plenty of vegetables and cereal products.
- Remove fatty foods. It is very beneficial to eat less energy foods such as vegetables, dried mushrooms, cucumbers…
- Do not skip meals, even if you do not want to eat.
- Do everything to make you feel good.
- Eat slowly, chew it thoroughly.
- Do not eat too much although the food is delicious
- Prepare food as boiled and cooked, do not fry, fry, use animal fats.
- When it comes to diet and quantity restrictions, it is important to reduce the amount of food slowly, over time. Not having a diet abruptly will have an adverse effect on blood glucose levels. Once you have reached the required level of maintenance of the diet, do not increase or decrease as you wish.
- Diet should follow the principles: – Variety of foods, many ingredients. – Eat enough to have moderate weight. Limit your intake of fats, especially animal fats. Eat a moderate amount of fiber. – Limit salt intake. – Avoid alcoholic beverages.
- Have a snack before going to sleep. Maybe a glass of milk or a slice of watermelon.