Tuberculosis damages the lungs and other parts of the body and can cause serious conditions.
Women in childbearing age and child-raising period are more susceptible to infect tuberculosis than in other age groups. Tuberculosis disease is especially serious for pregnant mothers. It can cause fetal loss, miscarriage, stillbirth, infection to the fetus…Therefore, pregnant mothers should strictly adhere to the treatment schedule if unfortunately they are in the tuberculosis.
Why pregnant women are prone to tuberculosis?
Women in childbearing age and child-raising period are more susceptible to tuberculosis than other ages and men due to many factors. The most significant is the change in the hormone estrogen, progesterone. The presence of hormone placenta makes the agencies for the process of pregnancy, preparing for the birth and raising children such as genitalia, pelvic, skin, muscles … to enhance the metabolism of substances, more water is absorbed, and the lungs-organizations of fibrous scar become softer, making the tuberculosis bacteria easier to work and attack.
Besides hormonal changes, during pregnancy, the mother’s body naturally reduces immunity to accept a strange body that is half-owned by another; not eating enough nutrients; difficulties in pregnancy, childbirth and raising children… are also one of the causes that make them more susceptible to infect tuberculosis than ever before.
The danger is that tuberculosis not only destroys the mother’s body, but also affects the fetus seriously. When a mother is sick, her children are also easily infected, even infected when she is a fetus, this is congenital tuberculosis, it is difficult to treat this disease.
When it is suspected to be tuberculosis, what should the pregnant woman do?
Because of the above things, when it is suspected to be tuberculosis in pregnancy, pregnant women should immediately follow the instructions as follows:
Perform clinical and laboratory tests at specialized hospitals for accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis tests are usually safe in pregnancy if the procedure is warranted. But you should still tell your doctor or technician that you are pregnant so that they can perform better with the safety techniques of the fetus. If you have X-rays, you should remind your healthcare professional to wear lead on your abdomen to protect your baby from X-rays.
Take tuberculosis medication as directed by your doctor.
Pregnant women with tuberculosis should pay special attention to providing adequate nutrition. Foods must have enough calories, protein, vitamins and minerals with high nutritional value. It is best to take calcium tablets and fish oil to help to restore infection area of lung (if you have phthisis). Pregnant women need to have appropriate resting mode to reduce respiration, which is beneficial for lung recovery.
After giving birth, what should the tuberculosis patients notice?
After the birth of a baby, the mother needs to rest, eat enough nutrients to restore health and should seriously implement the tuberculosis treatment protocol, not let tuberculosis bacteria resistant to drugs. The children of mothers with tuberculosis should be carefully monitored for detecting congenital tuberculosis and BCG vaccination should be supplied soon (mandatory) to prevent early tuberculosis infection.
If your mother has tuberculosis infection or is in the process of treating tuberculosis, follow the advice of your doctor and medical staffs about care plans for your child.
For mothers still has tuberculosis bacteria in the sputum. They absolutely avoid breastfeeding when the mother is suffering from tuberculosis. The mother should also isolate her child to minimize the risk of infecting to the baby. For the highest safety, mothers with tuberculosis should not take care of children, hug, kiss or have intimate contact, creating conditions for pathogenic bacteria to transmit directly to the child. This should be taken seriously until the mother is tested for negative tuberculosis bacteria.