German researchers have found that coffee promotes the movement of protein p27 to moderate into the mitochondria, to protect cardiovascular cells from damage.
Protein p27 – a cell cycle inhibitor. it is present in mitochondria in the major types of heart cells. In these cells, p27 promotes the movement of endothelial cells, protecting the heart muscle cells from cell death. At the same time, this protein activates the conversion of fibroblasts into cells containing fibers that can shrink, according to BBC.
Researchers from the Heinrich-Heine University and the IUF-Leibniz Institute for Environmental Medicine in Dusseldorf, Germany, have studied in mice with diabetes and obesity. Scientists found that caffeine levels, equivalent to having four cups of coffee every day, can protect blood vessels healthily and improve a healthier heart.
“Caffeine in coffee promotes the protection and repair of cardiac muscle via the activity of the protein p27. Enhancing p27 in mitochondria can act as a potential therapeutic strategy not only for cardiovascular disease but also for improving longevity. Older people should drink coffee every day to have a healthy heart and live longer” said Judith Haendeler expert of Heinrich-Heine University in Germany.
In addition, caffeine also reduces the risk of diseases such as heart disease, diabetes type 2 and stroke.