Every woman born has a certain number of eggs produced in the ovary. However, when the age is higher, the eggs will be aged and reduced gradually in both quantity and quality. Any woman knows that the older she is, the more difficult it is for her to become pregnant. So why is this situation and how to improve your chances of conception when you get older?
Why do eggs decline as they age?
Depending on the constitution of each person, the time of fertility decline in women may vary. However, most of this time often falls in the early or mid-30s. There is no way to accurately predict this time. Some women may no longer be able to conceive for many years before the first symptoms of menopause appear.
There are two common causes of impaired fertility in women.
Firstly, due to problems occurring during ovulation. These problems often happen when your age is getting higher and higher. The reason is:
- You have too few good quality eggs left, which makes it more difficult to conceive. Above all, the number of eggs will decrease with age;
- Some women experience menopause earlier than normal, and even stop ovulation before age 40;
- Your menstrual cycle may become irregular. When you are about to menopause, the cycle may become shorter or longer making the ovulation more unusual.
Secondly, long-term infections can cause obstruction of the fallopian tubes. Many women suffer from diseases that clog the egg tubes from children without knowing it. Over time, these diseases cause inflammation and make it more difficult to conceive. For example, a genital infection caused by untreated chlamydia can develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause the tubal blockage. This will prevent fertilization and also increase the chance of having an ectopic pregnancy.
Other diseases that may affect fertility include:
- Endometriosis: This disease can cause the fallopian tubes to be lumped and protruding due to scars on the cell. If you have an endometriosis, this condition may be more widespread as you get older. Damaged egg tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy;
- Uterine fibroids: Uterine fibroids are common in women over 30 and can cause reproductive problems in women;
So, regardless of age, always take care of your health carefully.
In some cases, obesity may also make pregnancy more difficult. Losing weight can also be a way to get pregnant easily if you have an ovulation disorder.
How to improve your chances of getting pregnant when you’re over 35?
Some current medical technologies may help increase the chances of pregnancy for women with age-related fertility decline. These methods are called assisted reproductive technologies.
Successful results can depend a lot on your age as well as your medical history and health. It is important to note that these technologies can cause some side effects and are quite expensive, in addition, unwanted complications can also occur. These technologies include:
- Method of ovarian stimulation: This method will use medication to stimulate the ovary to release more eggs than normal, thereby increasing the chance of conception;
- In vitro fertilization: Eggs will be removed from the ovary and fertilized with sperm in the laboratory. After that, the fertilized egg will be transferred into your uterus and it will implant by itself;
- Ovule donation: A volunteer at the beginning of a thirties or younger will donate eggs and eggs will be fertilized in the laboratory, then transferred to your uterus and it will implant by itself .
When you use assisted reproductive technologies, some pregnancy complications can occur, including the risk of twins or triplets. When women have multiple pregnancies, the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and complications will increase. Consult a fertility specialist when you want to get pregnant for the best advice for you.