Gestational diabetes is one of the common complications of pregnancy and if this disease is not controlled in time, it can cause damages to the fetus.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is an imbalance in blood sugar level during pregnancy and occurs after 24 weeks, and in most cases this symptoms will decrease after the baby is born. Gestational diabetes can lead to the big fetus and birth defects, and if the blood glucose level at this time exceeds 150 mg, the risk of fetal death increases at 4-8 weeks of gestation. It also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes of the mother in the future.
What causes gestational diabetes?
Experts say that to provide glucose and nutrition for the development of the fetus, the mother’s body develops insulin resistance to some degrees. Small-scale insulin resistance is beneficial because it provides the glucose needed for the fetus when the mother is hungry for a short time. However, sometimes insulin resistance is out of control and the mother has gestational diabetes.
How to control blood glucose when the mother has gestational diabetes:
Avoid eating too much milk and butter
Pregnant women tend to eat twice as often to provide nutrition to the development of the fetus. Although milk and butter are necessary for health, you should avoid eating too many saturated fat products if you are suffering from gestational diabetes. Experts recommend limiting the intake of fried foods and should eat more unsaturated fats such as olive oil and nuts.
Eat at least 6 small meals
Avoid eating 2-3 large meals and divide into several small meals so that you can eat all day. Eating smaller meals during the day ensures constant nutritional intake for the developing fetus and prevents fluctuating blood sugar levels. Remember to consult your dietician regularly as this will help you control the gestational diabetes better.
Limit sweet foods
You may want to eat sweet food after every meal, however, you should limit these foods. Sweets can dramatically increase blood sugar levels, which can have a negative impact on the health of the mother and baby.
There is a common misconception that you are not exercising and restricting physical activity during pregnancy. In fact, exercising at an average level like walking 40 minutes a day helps control blood sugar levels.
Follow the doctor’s advice
It is important to know about the complications of gestational diabetes and consult your doctor immediately. Remember that losing control of blood sugar levels can be harmful to you as well as your baby. Follow your doctor’s advice and take prescription medications.