Early detection and treatment will prevent diabetic patients from getting dangerous complications.
Diabetes is a disease known as the “silent killer”, the third leading cause of death on the world after cancer and heart disease. Diabetes is becoming increasingly rejuvenated. The reason is that because the social life is more and more getting advanced, children are less active, overweight diet leads to overweight, obesity, gradually you will suffer from metabolic diseases, including diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that usually occurs in older people who are 40 years of age or older, this disease occurring in young people are usually due to family factors or overweight, obesity. This disease is usually silent until the appearance of the symptoms or complications of the disease to know that you have this disease.
In addition to emerging diseases, diabetes is thought to be returning and rapidly growing. Expected in the next 10 years, diabetes is projected to increase by more than 50% compared to today, especially in middle-income countries, this number may reach 80% of current cases.
Early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes is extremely important because without treatment, the disease will have serious complications, affecting the health of the patient.
Type 2 diabetes early signs
Also known as polyuria, frequent urination is a signal that your blood sugar is high, it has penetrated both the urinary tract. Our kidneys cannot work smoothly if the amount of glucose in the body is too high. If the glucose content in the urine is high, it will have to draw some water, causing the patient to urinate frequently.
Always feeling thirsty is one of the first notable symptoms of diabetes. When your blood sugar rises, with more urination leading to thirst, your body needs water to compensate for the loss. Many people think that any drinks can be replaced, but alcohol can never solve the thirst of disease.
An appetite or severe hunger is also an early warning signal of diabetes. Hunger is because your blood sugar is too high or too low. Sugar is responsible for cell culture in the body when cells cannot absorb sugar due to lack of insulin, your body will signal that you need more sugar to feed the cells, resulting in hunger in the intestine. So, people with diabetes always feel appetite.
Pain or numbness of the hands, feet
Tingling or numbness in the hands, fingers and toes is common in people with diabetes. This is a neurological sign of diabetes, mild diarrhea, but when it is swollen, there are severe neurological damages. If a person with diabetes is not treated, serious complications of diabetes such as numbness or swelling of the limbs will be more severe.
It takes you a long time to recover from your wounds
The reason is that people with diabetes are more difficult to recover from their wounds than other people is because of high blood sugar, poor blood circulation. In addition to affecting the circulation, diabetes also affects the immune system, which also contributes to the patient to take a long time to recover from their infections or wounds. If you develop this symptom, think of diabetes.
Blurred vision usually occurs early if a person with diabetes is not detected and treated. When blood sugar is high, it causes the movement of the lens of the eye. However, this phenomenon will self-heal when blood sugar returns to normal.
Dark skin color
If the skin appears dark, especially in the folds of the skin as in the armpit, neck, groin… it is likely that you have type 2 diabetes. These symptoms is called acanthosis nigricans, is a signal of insulin resistance.
How to prevent type 2 diabetes?
Health experts from the Mayo Clinic say, follow these guidelines for preventing type 2 diabetes:
- Daily exercise: Physical activity helps to smooth the activity of the insulin, which facilitates the transport of glucose into the blood and converts it into active human energy.
- Eliminate the risk of overweight, because obesity is an opportunity to increase the incidence of metabolic diseases, including diabetes.
- Maintain a healthy diet, plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits, and less carbohydrate-rich foods.
- Periodic health check to detect and treat this dangerous disease early.